Non-Annex I Parties, among which Lebanon, have the obligation to report the steps undertaken or envisioned to be undertaken in order to implement the requirements of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

This process currently includes a National Communication (NC), which is a periodic reporting to the Convention and includes information related to the national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removalsmitigation options analysisvulnerability to climate changeadaptation options, gaps and constraints in implementing the provisions of the Convention, and any other relevant information the country wishes to communicate. The entire process is controlled by specific guidelines developed by the Convention. 


Moreover, Non-Annex I Parties have to submit Biennial Update Reports (BURs) every 2 years. This communication includes information on national GHG inventories, mitigation actions, and information on support needed and received. BURs are subject to an International Consultation and Analysis (ICA) process which aims at enhancing Parties’ reporting transparency through capacity-building. The ICA process consists of two steps; a technical analysis of the BUR where a group of experts analyzes the quality, gaps and constraints of the submission and where other Parties are allowed to ask questions about the BUR, and a Facilitative Sharing of Views (FSV) which allows the Party to present the highlights of its BUR at a UNFCCC session and answer further questions. 

Lebanon’s Third National Communication (2016)

The third and latest national communication report was presented on November 2016. The Third National Communication (TNC) is the most recent update of the developments that have taken place in Lebanon on climate change adaptation, mitigation and reporting levels. The report comprises an updated national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory for the year 2005 and time-series covering the period from 1994 to 2012, an updated analysis of potential GHG mitigation measures, a vulnerability and adaptation analysis, in addition to policy recommendations.

Lebanon’s First Biennial Update Report (2015)

Lebanon submitted its first Biennial Update Report (BUR) in October 2015, and includes information on greenhouse gas inventory, national progress on mitigation, existing funding needs, and access to technology and capacity building. Lebanon’s BUR went through the ICA process; the technical analysis can be accessed here, and Lebanon’s FSV presentation at the 22nd Conference of Parties (COP22) in Marrakech is available here.

Lebanon's Second National Communication (2011)

In February 2011, Lebanon’s Second National Communication (SNC) report was presented. It analyses the impacts of the country’s projected climatic changes on several economic, social and environmental sectors. The report issues the GHG emissions of each sector along with aggregated figures from 1994-2004. The SNC provides several mitigation measures to reduce GHG emissions, reduce energy demand and increase energy supplies. 

In comparison to the INC, the SNC report contains new chapters, actions, policies, measures and an early stage set of adaptation actions to prepare Lebanon for the unavoidable consequences of climate change.

Lebanon's Initial National Communication (1999)

As a response to the Convention obligations, the Ministry of Environment (MoE) has prepared and submitted to the Secretariat of the Convention Lebanon’s Initial National Communication (INC) report in 1999. This report discusses the national circumstances, GHG inventory, mitigation strategy, an assessment of Lebanon's vulnerability to climate change, adaptation measures, constraints regarding the study, project proposals and recommendations for future work.