Submission of Lebanon's BURII

Lebanon just submitted its second Biennial Update Report (BURII) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). To access the BURII infographic for quick messages, click here.

The key takeaways from the report are that in 2013, Lebanon emitted 26,285 Gg CO2eq. with the most significant GHG being carbon dioxide, primarily produced from the burning of fossil fuels. The main contributor to GHG emissions is still the energy sector (including transport) with 79% of GHG emissions, followed by industrial processes (10%) and waste sector (7%). CO2 removals from the land use, land use change and forestry category amounted to 3,518.80 Gg CO2, bringing Lebanon’s net emissions down to 22,766 Gg CO2eq.

Lebanon’s GHG emissions are increasing at an average rate of 3.4% every year, which lead to a doubling of emissions since 1994. The trend of increase in total GHG emissions closely follows the trend of emissions from the energy sector, which constituted 53% to 59% of total emissions during this period. This significant growth in emissions reflects the growing demand for electricity, due in part to the changing socio-economic conditions and to the expansion of the national grid.

In 2013, mitigation measures implemented in the energy sector contributed in reducing emissions by 513,063 tonnes CO2eq., with the expansion of the solar water heaters and the replacement of incandescent lamps inducing the most significant emission reductions. As for land use, land change and forestry, afforestation and reforestation activities were sustained and increased by the Ministry of Agriculture and leader organizations in the country such as the Association for Forest Development and Conservation and Jouzour Loubnan. In 2013, the total amount of GHG emissions that has been removed from mitigation actions in this sector to 18.996 Gg CO2eq. in 2013.

As for gaps and constraints, they include but are not limited to the centralization of data management, the development of measurement campaigns to better characterize Lebanon’s energy systems and vehicle fleet, or even the undertaking of an official census on the population in Lebanon or the manure management systems. Challenges also exist in the collection and consolidation of information related to existing mitigation actions. They are mainly related to limited availability of data, weak coordination between institutions working in climate change and the difficulty in quantifying emission reductions achieved. Lebanon also needs to improve its institutional arrangements that would allow exhaustive and accurate reporting of support received for climate change activities.

To access the BURII, click here

Figure above: Lebanon's national greenhouse gas inventory by category in 2013