20/12/2016

Fourth Award Ceremony for GHG Reporting and Launch of the TNC: Enhancing Climate Information

Under the patronage of His Excellency the Minister of Environment, Mr. Mohamad Al Mashnouk, the Ministry of Environment and the United Nations Development Programme organized the 2016 Award Ceremony for Companies Reporting their GHG emissions on December 19th, 2016, at the Phoenicia Hotel. Certificates were awarded to 42 industrial and commercial companies which communicated the greenhouse gases which stem from their operations, according to Minister of Environment decision No. 99/1, dated 11/04/2013. The ceremony was attended by His Excellency the Minister of Environment Mr. Mohamad Al Mashnouk, and country director of the UNDP, Mr. Luca Renda.

 

This is the fourth time that the Minister of the Environment honors the private sector for voluntarily abiding to decision 99/1. The aim of this mechanism is to broaden and deepen the partnership between the public sector and the private sector, to enhance sustainable environmental management through improved quality and quantity of GHG information from energy and industrial production, and to allow private firms to be aware of their carbon footprint.

Moreover, the ceremony launched Lebanon’s Third National Communication (TNC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which includes updates on Lebanon’s greenhouse gas emissions from the energy, transport, agriculture, waste and other sectors. The TNC also includes the economic costs to Lebanon from climate change, and the mitigation actions to reduce national emissions. The TNC’s main highlights are that the total GHG emissions in 2012, excluding removals by sinks, amounted to 26.3 million tonnes CO2eq., which represents 89% emissions increase from 1994 and 39% emissions increase from 2000, and averaging to 4.67% annual increase of greenhouse gases in Lebanon.

The main contributor to greenhouse gas emissions is the energy production sector with 53% of GHG emissions, followed by the transport sector (23%), waste sector (10.7%) and industrial processes (9.7%). CO2 removals from the land-use, land use change and forestry category amounted to -3,036 Gg CO2eq., bringing Lebanon’s net emissions down to 23,188 Gg CO2eq.

The report also examines the potential mitigation actions to reduce emissions, which may account for 18 to 28% by 2030. It also includes an economic analysis of the negative effects of climate change on water, agriculture and health sectors, among others. The economic costs’ section concludes that reducing emissions significantly can spare Lebanon between 28 and 91% of the economic damage. To access the Third National Communication, click here.

These two elements, the voluntary reporting of GHG emissions from the private sector and Lebanon’s Third National Communication, are interlinked. The 99/1 initiative improves the provision of reliable data to continue the enhancement and more accurate update of Lebanon’s reporting vehicles which are required by all countries under the UNFCCC.