Non-Annex I Parties, among which Lebanon, have the obligation to report the steps undertaken or envisaged to implement the provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
This process is referred to as National Communication (NC), which is a periodic reporting to the Convention and includes information related to the national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals
, mitigation options analysis
, vulnerability to climate change
, adaptation options
, gaps and constraints in implementing the provisions of the Convention, and any other relevant information the country wishes to communicate. The entire process is controlled by specific guidelines developed by the Convention.
Lebanon’s Initial National Communication
Both Annex I (mainly developed countries) and Non-Annex I (mainly developing countries) submit periodical national communications
As a response to the Convention obligations, the Ministry of Environment (MoE) has prepared and submitted to the Secretariat of the Convention Lebanon’s Initial National Communication (INC) report in 1999. This report discusses the national circumstances, GHG inventory, mitigation strategy, and assessment of Lebanon's vulnerability to climate change, adaptation measures, constraints regarding the study, project proposals and recommendations for future work.
Lebanon’s Second National Communication
On February 2011, Lebanon’s Second National Communication (SNC) report was presented. It analyses the impacts of the country’s projected climatic changes on several economic, social and environmental sectors. The report issues the GHG emissions of each sector along with aggregated figures from 1994-2004. The SNC provides several mitigation measures to reduce GHG emissions, reduce energy demand and increase energy supplies.
In comparison to the INC, the SNC report contains new chapters, actions, policies, measures and an early stage set of adaptation actions to prepare Lebanon for the unavoidable consequences of climate change.