Lebanon has ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 1994 through Law No. 359 dated 1/8/1994, and acceded to the Kyoto Protocol (KP) in November 2006 by virtue of Law 738. Pursuant to Article 4.1 of the Convention and as a first climate change initiative, Lebanon has prepared and submitted its Initial National Communication (INC) report in 1999.
Since then, Lebanon has been involved in various activities aiming at spreading climate change awareness in the country, reducing national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, developing measures to reduce adverse impact on environmental, economic and social systems, building institutional capacity and mainstreaming climate change into the different policies.
Lebanon also participates in many regional and international events, trainings, conferences, workshops etc., sharing its own experience in tackling climate change and benefiting from other countries’ experience. Finally, Lebanon takes part in the climate change negotiations, issues position papers and coordinates with the League of Arab States and other developing countries to issue joint statements concerning shared interests.
The project aims at providing Lebanon with the enabling activities necessary to prepare and report the Third National Communication (TNC) to the Conference of Parties (CoP) in accordance with guidance of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The project’s activities include updating the national GHG emission inventory for the year 2005 with a time series analysis for 1994-2012 and assessing the economic cost of the climate change impacts in Lebanon.
The project aims at supporting the Lebanese government in its efforts to develop and implement national adaptation and mitigation activities and mainstream climate change in sectoral development plans. The project’s activities include the establishment of the Climate Change Coordination Unit (CCCU) at the Ministry of Environment (MoE) and firstname.lastname@example.org
e launch of pilot scale projects such as the rainwater harvesting from greenhouse tops initiative.
The project aims at improving Lebanon’s relevant infrastructure, institutional capacities, information sharing and coordination processes to develop the required capacities to achieve low emission development, through the development of institutional arrangements for national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory process, the development of sector specific Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and relevant measuring, reporting, and verification systems.
This project aims at assisting Lebanon with the enabling activities necessary to undertake the preparation of Lebanon’s First Biennial Update Reporting (BUR) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its submission to Conference of Parties (CoP) in December 2014. The BUR will include an updated GHG National Inventory and information on the emission reductions of the various mitigation actions undertaken in the country as well as information on the domestic Measuring, Reporting and Verifying (MRV) system.
Initial National Communication to the UNFCCC – 1994-1999
The project was the first climate change initiative undertaken in Lebanon aiming at preparing and submitting the Initial National Communication (INC) to the UNFCCC. The project’s activities included the preparation of the country’s first GHG emission inventory and assessing the impacts of climate change on various sectors and vulnerable systems. Several mitigation and adaptation measures were also proposed to reduce Lebanon’s emissions and increase its resilience to climate change.
Second National Communication to the UNFCCC - 2007-2011
The project aimed at updating the information related to climate change that was submitted in the INC and proposing appropriate mitigation and adaptation measures to be included in Lebanon’s development plans. The national GHG emission inventory was prepared per sector, and an in-depth analysis of the impacts of the country’s projected climatic changes on several economic, social and environmental sectors was undertaken. The Second National Communication (SNC) was submitted to the CoP in 2011.
Technology Needs Assessment – 2011-2012
The project looked at different technologies related to the power, transport, agriculture and water sectors in Lebanon and assessed their potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase resilience to climate change. The project also provided an overview of the institutional, regulatory and financial barriers hindering the adoption of these technologies and proposed enabling activities to create and expand the market for environmental sound technologies in Lebanon.
- Samar Malek - National Focal Point - email@example.com
- Vahakn Kabakian - Project Manager - firstname.lastname@example.org
- Lea Kai Aboujaoude - Project Officer - email@example.com
- Yara Daou - Project Research Assistant - firstname.lastname@example.org
- Leila El Sayed - Economist - email@example.com
- Mary Awad - Administrative and Finance Assistant - firstname.lastname@example.org