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Issue 43 - January 2016
The planet now has a goal that unites it: "holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C”. Never before have 195 countries agreed on a target that puts the planet on a low-emission pathway.

How are we going to do this? We already submitted our Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) (click here to see Lebanon's INDC), now it's time to implement them. Developing countries will receive help to succeed in implementing the contributions through finance, technology transfer and capacity building from developed countries. These contributions will be updated and enhanced every five years. Adaptation efforts will equally benefit from this aid.

What the Paris Agreement means for Lebanon is the opportunity to veer towards sustainable development and adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change by benefiting from international climate finance for years to come.

On to ratification!
High Ambition Coalition
a coalition comprising developed and developing countries who came about to push for the most ambitious target possible in the Paris Agreement
In the year 2023

The first world review, update and enhancement of country pledges to further reach the agreement's goal


billion dollars annually by 2020 from developed to developing countries, target to be revised in 2025
COP21 wasn't only about the agreement
Climate initiatives have spurred like carbon-capturing trees during COP21: among others, a target of 1 trillion USD in solar investment has been set by a new world association and a minimum of 127 million hectares of degraded land are planned to be restored in Africa and Latin America.
COP21 in numbers
COP21 was all about breaking records: in 2 weeks, the event registered 38,000 participants with an average of 13,500 people present on the site at the same time, 40,000 journeys in shuttle buses every day, 2,500 working meetings and 70,000 cups of coffee sold!
A Journey in the Future of Water by Terje Tvedt (Chapter 23: The Island of the Sagas Enters the Age of Water, Pages 231 to 236)

French President Francois Hollande, French Minister of Foreign Affairs and COP21 President Laurent Fabius, Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban-Ki Moon, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC Christiana Figueres and French ambassador for international climate negotiations Laurence Tubiana celebrating the adoption of the Paris Agreement

 Photo Credit: Arnaud Bouissou – MEDDE/SG COP21

© 2016 Ministry of Environment